Tomb of the emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, was mentioned as one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the 20th century. History records, Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor of Qin Dynasty who led China between the period 221 BC – 210 BC. One of the monumental work of building construction in addition to improving the Great Wall of China is the construction of the tomb of his great self. Unlike the Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh, Cheops (Khufu) who chose to build a Great Pyramid at Giza as a last resort, Emperor Qin Shi Huang chose to make his grave like a palace with soldiers guarding the thousands of statues.
The emperor’s tomb is so fascinating. There are approximately 8000 described the sculptures of soldiers and war horses standing in line alongside the grave. Even more interesting, all these statues are not the same between each other either form of clothing, facial expressions, hair styles, so they were carrying weapons. In addition, they are also distinguished by the military rank as General, an officer, to the common soldier. Statue of soldiers who have the highest body size is the rank of general.
Sculptures called Terracotta Soldiers made from clay that was formed in the mold. The height also varies between 183 to 195 cm. For the head, made separately from the body to have the shape and different faces to each other. While parts of the face such as lips, eyes, and ears are added manually and refined by the polished form of the sculptor’s hand. The statue has become then burned to produce a tougher construction and sturdy. For the final stage, although most of the painting is now a statue of the paint has faded.
Since discovered by some local farmers in the region of Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China 1974 earlier, until now still continue to be digging there. The estimate Arkelog many statues and other artifacts are still buried. They also can not specify how many numbers this discovery will continue to grow. Recent calculations
mentioned, there are more than 8000 statues of soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry contained in three main tunnel tomb. It is an amazing sight to remember just one percent of the parts that had been dug grave!
Not all property and the emperor’s jewels have been discovered. That said, there are many valuable possessions of Emperor Qin Shi Huang stored at the tomb, where the place was built pitfalls that can shoot arrows automatically to anyone who dared to disturb him. Even workers who are believed to install these pitfalls’m buried alive in order to maintain confidential. Sounds pretty scary, is not it?
According to the historian Sima Qian (145 to 90 BC), the construction of the tomb of the great emperor Qin Shi Huang began around 246 BC – while the age of the Emperor had just 13 years old – by employing approximately 700,000 workers. But what is the purpose of Emperor Qin Shi Huang built all this?
In fact, this tomb was founded as a description of the underground palace was so large and luxurious. Even said he was an underground palace with the most complex structure in the pomp and amenities. Artificial river made of mercury and the ceiling with a pearl hiasaan helped beautify the palace. Trust in the neighborhood said that the kingdom of Emperor Qin Shi Huang will continue to lead the kingdom in the next life (heaven / afterlife). For that he needed a royal palace as the center, complete with the army and government officials.
Source: Travel Articles by Google